Reigning since 9 Junehe was, at the time of his death, the world's longest-reigning head of state,  the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history and the longest-reigning monarch having reigned only as an adultreigning for 70 years and days.
In Bhumibol suffered declining health and spent extended periods at Siriraj Hospitalwhere he died on 13 October He was generally highly revered by the people in Thailand   — many even saw him as close to divine. Bhumibol's U. His father was enrolled in the public health program at Harvard Universitywhich is why Bhumibol was the only monarch to be born in the US.
Bhumibol came to Thailand inafter his father obtained a certificate from Harvard. His father died of kidney failure in Septemberwhen Bhumibol was less than two years old. In Bhumibol was given his first camera, which ignited his lifelong enthusiasm for photography. However, the family remained in Switzerland and the affairs of the head of state were conducted by a regency council.
They returned to Thailand for only two months in InBhumibol became a jazz enthusiast, and started to play the saxophone, a passion that he kept throughout his life. Bhumibol ascended the throne following the death by gunshot wound of his brother, King Happy Man - The Common Faces - Real Life Mahidolon 9 Juneunder circumstances that remain unclear.
While a first government statement stated that Ananda had accidentally shot himself,  : 76—77 an investigation committee ruled this was virtually impossible. A third possibility, that Bhumibol accidentally shot his brother while the brothers played with their pistols, was never officially considered. Bhumibol succeeded his brother, but returned to Switzerland before the end of the day mourning period. Despite his interest in Sister Are Doin It For Themselves - Various - Gladiators and technology, he changed his major and enrolled in law and political science to prepare for his duties as head of state.
In Bhumibol's name, Prince Rangsit acknowledged a military coup that overthrew the government of Thamrongnawasawat in November In Decemberthe Siamese government allocated several hundred thousand dollars for the ceremonial cremation of the remains of the late King Ananda, a necessary preliminary to the coronation of Bhumibol who was required Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown religious custom to light the funeral pyre.
While doing his degree in Switzerland, Bhumibol visited Paris frequently. She was then 15 years old and training to be a concert pianist. He injured his back, suffered paralysis in half of his face and incurred cuts on his face that cost him the sight of his right eye. She met his mother, who asked her to continue her studies nearby so that Bhumibol could get to know her better.
Bhumibol selected for her a boarding school in Lausanne, Riante Rive. Their wedding was described by The New York Times as "the shortest, simplest royal wedding ever held in the land of gilded elephants and white umbrellas".
The ceremony was performed by Bhumibol's ageing grandmother, Savang Vadhana. It was the first coronation ceremony of a Thai sovereign to rule under the system of constitutional monarchy. The date of his coronation is celebrated each 5 May in Thailand as Coronation Daya public holiday. On 9 JuneBhumibol celebrated his 60th anniversary as the King of Thailand, becoming the longest reigning monarch in Thai history.
The royal couple spent their honeymoon at Hua Hin before they returned to Switzerland, where the king completed his university studies. They returned to Thailand in He was also called Chao Chiwit "Lord of Life". In the early years of his reign, during the government of military dictator Plaek PhibunsongkhramBhumibol had no real political power and was little more than Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown ceremonial figure under the military-dominated government.
Phibunsongkhram refused. That evening, Sarit Thanarat seized power. Two hours later Bhumibol imposed martial law throughout the kingdom. It included the following: . Whereas it appears that the public administration by the government under the premiership of Field Marshal P.
Phibunsongkhram is untrustworthy, and that the government could not maintain the public order; and whereas the military, led by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat, has successfully taken over the public administration and now acts as the Military Defender of the Capital; now, therefore, I do hereby appoint Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat as the Military Defender of the Capital, and command that all the citizens shall remain calm whilst all the government officers shall serve the Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown issued by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat.
This Proclamation shall come into force immediately. Done this 16th Day of September, Buddhist Era Sarit later admitted in a rare interview with foreign correspondent that the king had no involvement and did not acknowledge anything about the coup until it had been done successfully.
During Sarit's dictatorship, the monarchy was revitalised. Bhumibol attended public ceremonies, toured the provinces and patronised development projects, he also visited the United States and many countries in Europe. Under Sarit, the practice of crawling in front of royalty during audiences, banned by King Chulalongkornwas revived in certain situations and the royal-sponsored Thammayut Nikaya order was revitalised.
For the first time since the absolute monarchy was overthrown, a king was conveyed up the Chao Phraya River in a Royal Barge Procession to offer robes at temples.
A royal five-tier umbrella shaded his body while it lay in state. Long-time royal adviser Phraya Srivisarn Vacha later noted that no Prime Minister ever had such an intimate relationship with Bhumibol as Sarit. Political scientist Thak Chaloemtiarana writes that Sarit used Bhumibol in order to build his own credibility. Following Sarit's death General Thanom Kittikachorn rose to power to lead Thailand's military dictatorship, ultimately challenged by the Thai popular uprising.
Bhumibol initially asked student protestors to disband. When police attacked and killed dozens of students, sparking protest riots, Bhumibol announced general Thanom's resignation and departure from Thailand. Eventually, it led to the incidents of October Bhumibol distanced himself from the Thai military after Thanom's fall.
Political events in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos brought powerful guerrilla and communist movements into power or prominence, which threatened the Thai monarchy and political establishment. Fearing unrest, Bhumibol began to court the military invisiting camps throughout the country, and publicly warning of internal and external threats.
The ensuing chaos was used as a pretext for a Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown coup, which Bhumibol backed and described Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown a manifestation of the people's will. Thanin was overthrown in a military coup in October led by General Kriangsak Chamanan.
Bhumibol's refusal to endorse military coups in the April Fool's Day coup and the Share Rebellion ultimately led to the victory of forces loyal to the government, despite some violence — including, inthe seizure of Bangkok by rebel forces. The coups led many to believe that Bhumibol had misjudged Thai society and that his credibility as an impartial mediator between various political and military factions had been compromised.
Following the death of Emperor Hirohito of Japan inhe overtook the distinction as the world's longest-reigning living monarch. InBhumibol played a key role in Thailand's transition to a democratic system. A coup on 23 February returned Thailand to military dictatorship. After a general election inthe majority parties invited General Suchinda Kraprayoona leader of the coup group, to be prime minister.
This caused much dissent, which escalated into demonstrations that led to Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown large number of deaths when the military was brought in to control protesters.
The situation became increasingly critical as police and military forces clashed with protesters. Violence and riots spread to many areas of the capital with rumours of a rift among the armed forces. Amidst the fear of civil war, Bhumibol intervened. He summoned Suchinda and the leader of the pro-democracy movement, retired Major General Chamlong Srimuangto a televised audience, and urged them to find a peaceful resolution.
At the height of the crisis, the sight of both men appearing together Alive (Tim Rex Remix) - Various - Promo Only Mainstream Club: June 07 their knees in accordance with royal protocol made a strong impression on the nation, and led to Suchinda's resignation soon afterwards.
It was one of the few occasions in which Bhumibol directly and publicly intervened in a political conflict. A general election was held shortly afterward, leading to a civilian government. In his 4 December speech on the eve of his birthday, А За Окном Печаль - МГК - Звездная Коллекция Bhumibol spoke about the rise in drug use, the high social costs and deaths caused by drugs.
On 14 JanuaryThaksin launched a campaign to rid "every square inch of the country" of drugs. In the first three months, Human Rights Watch reported that 2, people were killed, almost double the number normally killed in drug-related violence.
According to the Narcotics Control Board, the campaign was effective in reducing drug consumption, especially in schools.
They may blame the crackdown for more than 2, deaths, but this is a small price to pay. If the prime minister failed to curb [the drug trade], over the years the number of deaths would easily surpass this toll. After the coup, the military junta appointed a committee led by former Attorney General Kanit Na Nakorn to investigate deaths in the war on drugs. However, no one has been prosecuted, Dawn Is Breaking - His Majesty The King Bhumiphol Aduldaj - Tis Sundown interim Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont stating that there was insufficient evidence to take legal action.
While he was opposition leader, Abhisit Vejjajiva accused Thaksin of crimes against humanity in the war on drugs. After he became Prime Minister, Abhisit opened Tight Up (Part One) (Slam Mix) - Various - Crazy Time Vol. 10 Reactive Compilation investigation led by former attorney-general Kampee Kaewcharoen, claiming that a successful probe could lead to prosecution by the International Criminal Court.
Weeks before the April legislative electionthe Democrat Party -led opposition and the People's Alliance for Democracy petitioned Bhumibol to appoint a replacement prime minister and cabinet.
Demands for royal intervention were met with much criticism from the public. Bhumibol, in a speech on 26 Aprilresponded, "Asking for a Royally-appointed prime minister is undemocratic. It is, pardon me, a mess. It is irrational". After publicly claiming victory in the boycotted April parliamentary electionsThaksin Shinawatra had a private audience with the king. A few hours later, Thaksin appeared on national television to announce that he would be taking a break from politics.
In Maythe Sondhi Limthongkul -owned Manager Daily newspaper published a series of articles describing the " Finland Plot ", alleging that Thaksin and former members of the Communist Party of Thailand planned to Untitled - Oliver Bondzio - In Case Of. the king and seize control of the nation. No evidence was ever produced to verify the existence of such a plot, and Thaksin and his Thai Rak Thai party vehemently denied the accusations and sued the accusers.
In a rare, televised speech to senior judges, Bhumibol requested the judiciary to take action to resolve the political crisis. On 14 JulyPrivy Council President Prem Tinsulanonda addressed graduating cadets of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academytelling them that the Thai military must serve the nation and the king—not the government.
On 20 July, Bhumibol signed a royal decree endorsing new House elections for 15 October In an unprecedented act, the King wrote a note on the royal decree calling for a clean and fair election. That very day, Bhumibol underwent spinal surgery. On the evening of 19 September, the Thai military overthrew the Thaksin government and seized control of Bangkok in a bloodless coup.
Martial law was declared, the constitution repealed and the October elections cancelled. Protests and political meetings were banned. The king's role in the coup was the subject of much speculation among Thai analysts and the international media, although publication of such speculation was banned in Thailand.
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