Label: Pablo Records - 2310-821 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: UK • Genre: Jazz • Style: Vocal, Bop
Vaughan's father, Asbury "Jake" Vaughan, was a carpenter by trade and played guitar and piano. Her mother, Ada Vaughan, was a laundress who sang in the church choir.
Vaughan began Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? lessons at the age of seven, sang in the church choir, and played piano for rehearsals and services. She developed an early love for popular music on records and the radio. In the s, she frequently saw local and touring bands at the Montgomery Street Skating Rink. As her nocturnal adventures as a performer overwhelmed her academic pursuits, she dropped out of high school during her junior year to concentrate on Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On?.
In the fall ofby which time she was 18 years old, Vaughan suggested that Robinson enter the Apollo Theater Amateur Night contest. Vaughan played piano accompaniment for Robinson, who won second prize. Vaughan later decided to go back and compete as a singer herself. She sang " Body and Soul ", and won—although the date of this victorious performance is uncertain. On November 20,she returned to the Apollo to open for Ella Fitzgerald. During her week of performances at the Apollo, Vaughan was introduced to bandleader and pianist Earl Hinesalthough the details of that introduction are disputed.
Billy EckstineHines' singer at I Walk Alone - Slim Whitman - Slim! time, has been credited by Vaughan and others with hearing her at the Apollo and recommending her to Hines. Hines claimed later to have discovered her himself and offered her a job on the spot. After a brief tryout at the Apollo, Hines replaced his female singer with Vaughan on April 4, Vaughan spent the remainder of and part of touring the country with the Earl Hines big band, which featured Billy Eckstine.
She was hired as a pianist so Hines could hire her under the jurisdiction of the musicians' union American Federation of Musicians rather than the singers union American Guild of Variety Artists. But after Cliff Smalls joined the band as a trombonist and pianist, her duties were limited to singing.
The Earl Hines band in this period is remembered as an incubator of bebopas it included trumpeter Dizzy Gillespiesaxophonist Charlie Parker playing tenor saxophone rather than altoand trombonist Bennie Green. Gillespie arranged for the band, although the contemporary recording ban by the musicians' union meant that no commercial recordings exist. Eckstine quit the Hines band in late and formed a big band with Gillespie, leaving Hines to become the band's musical director.
Vaughan accepted Eckstine's invitation to join his band ingiving her the opportunity to record for the first time on December 5,on the song. Critic and producer Leonard Feather asked her to record later that month for Continental with a septet that included Dizzy Gillespie and Georgie Auld.
She left the Eckstine Love Bugaloo - Various - Jazz Improv in late to pursue a solo career, although she remained close to Eckstine and recorded with him frequently. Pianist John Malachi is credited with giving Vaughan the moniker "Sassy", a nickname that matched her personality.
She liked it, and the name and its shortened variant "Sass" stuck with colleagues and the press. In written communications, Vaughan often spelled it "Sassie". After being invited by violinist Stuff Smith to record the song "Time and Again" in OctoberVaughan was offered a contract to record for Musicraft by owner Albert Marx, although she would not begin recording as a leader for Musicraft until May 7, She delegated to him most of the musical director responsibilities for her recording sessions, allowing her to concentrate on singing.
Over the next few years, Treadwell made changes in Vaughan's stage appearance. Aside from a new wardrobe and hair style, she had her teeth cappedeliminating a gap between her two front teeth. With Vaughan and Imagination (Extended Version) - Avenue - Imagination professional relationship on solid footing, the couple married on September 16, Vaughan's recording success for Musicraft continued through and Her recording of " Tenderly "—she was proud to be the first to have recorded that jazz standard  —became an unexpected pop hit in late Her recording of " Nature Boy " from April 8,became a hit around the time the popular Nat King Cole version was released.
Because of a second recording ban by the musicians' union, "Nature Boy" was recorded with an a cappella choir. The musicians' union ban pushed Musicraft to the brink of bankruptcy. Vaughan used the Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? royalty payments as an opportunity to sign with the larger Columbia record label. Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? the settling of legal issues, her chart successes continued with " Black Coffee " in the summer of She won Esquire magazine's New Star Award forawards from Down Beat magazine from toand from Metronome magazine from to Recording and critical success led to performing opportunities, with Vaughan singing to large crowds in clubs around the country during the late s and early s.
In the summer ofshe made her first appearance with a symphony orchestra in a benefit for the Philadelphia Orchestra entitled " Men and a Girl. Inwith their finances improving, Vaughan and Treadwell bought a three-story house on 21 Avon Avenue in Newark, occupying the top floor during their increasingly rare off-hours at home and moving Vaughan's parents to the lower two floors.
However, business pressures and personality conflicts led to a cooling in Treadwell and Vaughan's relationship. Treadwell hired a road manager to handle her touring needs and opened a management office in Manhattan so he could work with other clients. Vaughan's relationship with Columbia soured as she became dissatisfied with the commercial material and its lackluster financial Тихий шёпот - [F.R.O.S.T.] - Каждым шорохом листьев. She made some small-group recordings in with Miles Davis and Bennie Green, but they were atypical of what she recorded for Columbia.
The minute shows were broadcast in the evenings on Wednesday through Sunday from The Clique Club, described as "rendezvous of the bebop crowd. InTreadwell negotiated a contract for Vaughan with Mercury in which she would record commercial material for Mercury and jazz-oriented material for its subsidiary, Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? . She was paired with producer Bob Shadand their working relationship yielded commercial and artistic success.
Her debut recording session at Mercury took place in February She remained Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? Mercury through After recording for Roulette from toshe returned to Mercury from to Her commercial success peaked in with " Broken Hearted Melody ", a song she considered "corny" which nevertheless became her first gold record,  and a regular part of her concert repertoire for years to come.
Vaughan was reunited with Billy Eckstine for a series of duet recordings in that yielded the hit " Passing Strangers ". Her commercial recordings were handled by a number of arrangers and conductors, primarily Hugo Peretti and Hal Mooney. The jazz "track" of her recording career proceeded apace, backed either by her working trio or combinations of jazz musicians. One of her favorite albums was a sextet date that included Clifford Brown.
In the latter half of the s she followed a schedule of almost non-stop touring. She was featured at the first Newport Jazz Festival in the summer of and starred in subsequent editions of that festival at Newport and in New York City for the remainder of her life.
That fall, she again toured Europe before embarking on a "Big Show" U. Although the professional relationship between Vaughan and Treadwell was quite successful through the s, their personal relationship finally reached a breaking point and she filed for a divorce in The couple evenly divided the amount and their personal assets, terminating their business relationship.
The exit of Treadwell from Vaughan's life was precipitated by the entry of Clyde "C. Although Atkins had no experience in artist management or music, Vaughan wished to have a Ihr Kinderlein Kommet - Various - Stars Wünschen Frohe Weihnacht professional and personal relationship like the one she had with Treadwell.
She made Atkins her manager, although she was still feeling the sting of the problems she had with Treadwell and initially kept a closer eye on Atkins. Vaughan and Atkins moved into a house in Englewood, New Jersey. When Vaughan's contract with Mercury ended in lateshe signed on with Roulette, a small label owned by Morris Levywho was one of the backers of Birdlandwhere she frequently appeared. She had pop chart success in with "Serenata" on Roulette and "Eternally" and "You're My Baby", a couple of residual tracks from her Mercury contract.
However, the relationship with Atkins proved difficult and violent. After several incidents, she filed for divorce in November She turned to Dance Of Satan - The Giuseppi Logan Quartet - The Giuseppi Logan Quartet friends to help sort out the financial affairs of the marriage.
Body And Soul - Sarah Vaughan - How Long Has This Been Going On? Englewood house was seized by the IRS for nonpayment of taxes.
Vaughan retained custody of their child and Golden took Atkins' place as Vaughan's manager and lover for the remainder of the decade. When her contract with Roulette ended inVaughan returned to the more familiar confines of Mercury. In the summer ofshe went to Denmark with producer Quincy Jones to record Sassy Swings the Tivolian album of live performances with her trio. The Tivoli recording would be the brightest moment of her second stint with Mercury. Changing demographics and tastes in the s left jazz musicians with shrinking audiences and inappropriate material.
Although she retained a following large and loyal enough to maintain her career, the quality and quantity of her recorded output dwindled as her voice darkened and her skill remained undiminished. At the conclusion of her Mercury deal inshe lacked a recording contract for the remainder of the decade. Inat the Tropicana in Las Vegas, Marshall Fisher was a concession stand employee and fan when he was introduced to Sarah Vaughan.
They were attracted to each other immediately. Fisher moved in with her in Los Angeles. Although he was white and seven years older, he got along with her friends and family. Although he had no experience in the music business, he became her road manager, then personal manager. But unlike other men and managers, Fisher was devoted to her and meticulously managed her career and treated her well.
He wrote love poems to her. InBob Shadwho had worked with her as producer at Mercury, asked her to record for his label, Mainstreamwhich he had founded after leaving Mercury. She didn't complain about this eclectic change in direction, but she chose the material for her next album after admiring the work of Michel Legrand.
He conducted an orchestra of over one hundred musicians for Sarah Vaughan with Michel Legrandan album of compositions by Legrand with lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman. The songs brought some of the musicians to tears during the sessions. But Shad Earthenwomb - Disdain By Rote a hit, and the album yielded none. Send in the Clowns was another attempt to increase sales by breaking into the pop music market.
Vaughan Ill Find My Way Home - Various - 4x4 Hits Выпуск: №12 the songs and hated the album cover depicting a clown with an afro. She filed a lawsuit against Shad in on the belief that the cover was inconsistent with the formal, sophisticated image she projected on stage. She also contended that the album Sarah Vaughan: Live at the Holiday Inn Lesotho had an incorrect title and that Shad had been harming her career.
She learned it on piano, made many changes with the help of pianist Carl Schroeder, and it became her signature song. The orchestra was conducted by Michael Tilson Thomaswho was a fan of Vaughan and invited her to perform. She was enthusiastic to be more involved in the making of an album, but Atlantic rejected it on the claim that it contained Все Мои Песни - А.
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