He is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame : once as a solo artist and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and of Cream. Clapton has been referred to as one of the most important and influential guitarists of all time. Immediately after leaving Mayall, Clapton formed the power trio Cream with drummer Ginger Baker and bassist Jack Brucein which Clapton played sustained blues improvisations and "arty, blues-based psychedelic pop".
Clapton's solo career began in the s, where his work bore the influence of the mellow style of J. Cale and the reggae of Bob Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story . His version of Marley's " I Shot the Sheriff " helped reggae reach a mass market. Following the death of his son Conor inClapton's grief was expressed in the song " Tears in Heaven ", which was featured on his Unplugged album.
In his solo career, Clapton has sold more than million records worldwide. Clapton grew up believing that his grandmother, Rose, and her second husband, Jack Clapp, Patricia's stepfather, were his parents, and that his mother was actually his older sister.
The similarity in surnames gave rise to the erroneous belief that Clapton's real surname is Clapp Reginald Cecil Clapton was the name of Rose's first husband, Eric Clapton's maternal grandfather. Clapton received an acoustic Hoyer guitarmade in Germany, for his thirteenth birthday, but the inexpensive steel-stringed instrument was difficult to Prologue - Johnny Dankworth, His Orchestra And Guests* - What The Dickens! and he briefly lost interest.
Inafter leaving Hollyfield School in SurbitonClapton studied at the Kingston College of Art but was dismissed at the end of the academic year because his focus remained on music rather than art. His guitar playing was so advanced that, by the age of 16, he was getting noticed. He stayed with this band from January until August In OctoberClapton joined the Yardbirds, a blues-influenced rock and roll band, and stayed with them until March KingClapton forged a distinctive style and rapidly became one of the most talked-about guitarists in the British music scene.
Yardbirds' rhythm guitarist, Chris Drejarecalled that whenever Clapton broke a guitar string during a concert, he would stay on stage and replace it. The English audiences would wait out the delay by doing what is called a " slow handclap ". Clapton's nickname of "Slowhand" came from Giorgio Gomelskya pun on the slow handclapping that ensued when Clapton stopped playing while he replaced a string. In MarchClapton and the Yardbirds had their first major hit, " For Your Love ", written by songwriter Graham Gouldmanwho also wrote hit songs for Herman's Hermits and the Hollies and would later achieve success of his own as a member of 10cc.
In part because of its success, the Yardbirds elected to move toward a pop-oriented sound, much to the annoyance of Clapton, who was Various - Only For Dee Jays to the blues and not commercial success. He left the Yardbirds on the day that "For Your Love" went public, a move that left the band without its lead guitarist and most accomplished member.
Clapton suggested fellow guitarist Jimmy Page to be his replacement, but Page declined out of loyalty to Clapton,  putting Jeff Beck forward. They first appeared together on the date Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story tour for Action for Research Piano Concerto No.
9, In E Flat Major, K. 271 - Mozart* - Piano Concertos Nos. 17 K. 453 & 9 K. 271 multiple sclerosis in with the first date taking place on 23 September at the Royal Albert Hall. In the summer of he left for Greece with a band called the Glands, which included his old friend Ben Palmer on piano.
In November he rejoined John Mayall. In Marchwhile still a member of the Bluesbreakers, Clapton briefly collaborated on a side project with Jack Bruce and Steve Winwood among others, recording only a few tracks under the name Eric Clapton and the Powerhouse. During his second Bluesbreakers stint, Clapton gained a reputation as the best blues guitarist on the club circuit. Although Clapton gained world fame for his playing on the influential album, Blues Breakers — John Mayall — With Eric Claptonthis album was not released until he had left the band for the last time in July Having swapped his Fender Telecaster and Vox AC30 amplifier for a Gibson Les Paul When Tires Collapse - Ben Martin - The Tiny Bits And Pieces guitar and Marshall amplifierClapton's sound and playing inspired the famous slogan " Clapton is God ", spray-painted by an unknown admirer on a wall in Islington in Clapton is reported to have been embarrassed by the slogan, saying in his The South Bank Show profile in"I never accepted that I was the greatest guitar player in the world.
I always wanted to be the greatest guitar player in the world, but that's an ideal, and I accept it as an ideal". Clapton left the Bluesbreakers in July replaced by Peter Green and was invited by drummer Various - Summer Lounge. The Finest Downtempo Selection Baker to play in his newly formed band Cream, one of the earliest supergroupswith Jack Bruce on bass previously of the Bluesbreakers, the Graham Bond Organisation and Manfred Mann.
Top Ten, and had yet to perform there. Cream established its enduring legend with the high-volume blues jamming and extended solos of their live shows. By earlyfans of the emerging blues-rock sound in Britain had begun to portray Clapton as Britain's top guitarist; however, he found himself rivalled by the emergence of Jimi Hendrixan acid rock -infused guitarist who used wailing feedback and effects pedals to create new sounds for the instrument.
Hendrix's arrival had an immediate and major effect on the next phase of Clapton's career. Clapton first visited the United States while touring with Cream. Cream's repertoire varied from hard rock " I Feel Free " to lengthy blues-based instrumental jams " Spoonful ". Disraeli Gears featured Clapton's searing guitar lines, Bruce's Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story vocals and prominent, fluid bass playing, and Baker's powerful, polyrhythmic jazz-influenced drumming.
Together, Cream's talents secured them as an influential power trio. In 28 months, Cream had become a commercial success, selling millions of records and playing throughout the U. They redefined the instrumentalist's role in rock and were one of the first blues-rock bands to emphasise musical virtuosity and lengthy jazz-style improvisation sessions. Though Cream was hailed as one of the greatest groups of its day, and the adulation of Clapton as a guitar legend reached new heights, the supergroup was short-lived.
Drug and alcohol use escalated tension between the three members, and conflicts between Bruce and Baker eventually led to Cream's demise. A strongly critical Rolling Stone review of a concert of the group's second headlining U. Cream's farewell album, Goodbyefeaturing live performances recorded at The ForumLos Angeles, 19 Octoberwas released shortly after Cream disbanded; it also featured the studio single " Badge ", co-written by Clapton and George Harrison.
Clapton met Harrison and became close friends with him after the Beatles shared a bill with the Clapton-era Yardbirds at the London Palladium. Harrison's debut solo album, Wonderwall Musicinbecame the first of many Harrison solo Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story to include Clapton on guitar. Clapton would go largely uncredited for his contributions to Απόψε Θέλω Σαματά - Various - Τα Αρχοντορεμπέτικα albums due to contractual restraints, and Harrison was credited as "L'Angelo Misterioso" for his contributions to the song "Badge" on Goodbye.
The pair would often play live together as each other's guest. A year after Harrison's death inClapton was musical director for the Concert for George. Would Eric have become a Beatle? Paul didn't want to go there. He didn't want them Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story break up. Then George came back. The supergroup debuted beforefans in London's Hyde Park on 7 June They performed several dates in Scandinavia and began a sold-out American tour in July before their only album was released.
The album's jacket image of a topless pubescent girl was deemed controversial in the United States and was replaced by a photograph of the band. Blind Faith dissolved after less than seven Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story . Clapton subsequently toured as a sideman for an act that had opened for Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends. He also played two dates as a member of the Plastic Ono Band that autumn, including a recorded performance at the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival in September released as the album Live Peace in Toronto Delaney Bramlett encouraged Clapton in his singing and writing.
Clapton, appearing as "King Cool" for contractual reasons, played with Dr. John on three songs, joined by Bramlett on two tracks. Using the Bramletts' backing group and an all-star cast of session players including Leon Russell and Stephen StillsClapton recorded his first solo album during two brief tour hiatuses, titled Eric Clapton.
Cale 's Moonlight Bay - Billy Vaughn - Billy Vaughn Plays The Music You Remember Midnight". During this busy period, Clapton recorded with other artists including Dr. Other notable recordings from this period include Clapton's guitar work on "Go Back Home" from Stephen Stills ' self-titled first solo album. With the intention of counteracting the "star" cult faction that had begun to form around him, Clapton assembled a new band composed of Delaney and Bonnie's former rhythm sectionBobby Whitlock as keyboardist and vocalist, Carl Radle as the bassist, and drummer Jim Gordonwith Clapton playing guitar.
It was his intention to show that he need not fill a starring role, and functioned well as a member of an ensemble. They would have three- and four-part harmonies, and the guitar was put back into perspective as being accompaniment.
That suited me well, because I had gotten so tired of the virtuosity—or pseudo -virtuosity—thing of long, boring guitar solos just because they were expected. The Band brought things back into perspective. The priority was the song. The band was originally called "Eric Clapton and Friends". The name "Derek and the Dominos" was a fluke that occurred when the band's provisional name of "Del and the Dynamos" was misread as Derek and the Dominos.
Del and Eric were combined and the final name became "Derek and the Dominos". Clapton's close friendship Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story George Harrison brought him into contact with Harrison's wife, Pattie Boydwith whom he became deeply infatuated.
When she spurned his advances, Clapton's unrequited affections prompted most of the They Cant Take That Away From Me - Peter Herbolzheimer Orchestra* - Music For Swinging Dancers for the Dominos' album, Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs Heavily blues-influenced, the album features the twin lead guitars of Clapton and Duane Allman, with Allman's slide guitar as a key ingredient of the sound.
The album features the hit love song " Layla ", inspired by the classical poet of Persian literatureNizami Ganjavi 's The Story of Layla and Majnuna copy Its Only RocknRoll III - Tim Renwick - The Guitar Story which Ian Dallas Suspicies - Various - Phase 2 given to Clapton. The book moved Clapton profoundly, as it was the tale of a young man who fell hopelessly in love with a beautiful, unavailable woman and who went crazy because he could not marry her.
The two parts of "Layla" were recorded in separate sessions: the opening guitar section was recorded first, and for the second section, laid down a few weeks later, drummer Jim Gordon played the piano part for the melody which he claimed to have written though Bobby Whitlock stated that Rita Coolidge wrote it.
The Layla LP was actually recorded by a five-piece version of the group, thanks to the unforeseen inclusion of guitarist Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers Band. A few days into the Layla sessions, Dowd—who was also producing the Allmans—invited Clapton to an Allman Brothers outdoor concert in Miami. The two guitarists met first on stage, then played all night in the studio, and became friends.
On 9 September, they recorded Hendrix's " Little Wing " and the title track. The following day, the final track, "It's Too Late", was recorded. Tragedy dogged the group throughout its brief career. During the sessions, Clapton was devastated by news of the death of Jimi Hendrix; eight days previously the band had cut a cover of "Little Wing" as a tribute to Hendrix. On 17 Septemberone day Invoking Abomination - Blaspherian - Infernal Warriors Of Death Hendrix's death, Clapton had purchased a left-handed Fender Stratocaster that he had planned to give to Hendrix as a birthday gift.
Adding to Clapton's woes, the Layla album received only lukewarm reviews upon release. Despite Clapton's later admission that the tour took place amidst a veritable blizzard of drugs and alcohol, it resulted in the live double album In Concert. A second record was in the works when a clashing of egos took place and Clapton walked, thus disbanding the group.
Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident on 29 October Clapton wrote later in his autobiography that he and Allman were inseparable during the sessions in Florida; he talked about Allman as the "musical brother I'd never had but wished I did". Another tragic footnote to the Dominos story was the fate of drummer Jim Gordonwho was an undiagnosed schizophrenic and years later murdered his mother during a psychotic episode.
Gordon was confined to years-to-life imprisonment, later being moved to a mental institution, where he remains today.