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A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae. Poppies are herbaceous plantsoften grown for their colourful flowers. One species of poppy, Papaver somniferumis the source of the narcotic drug opium which contains powerful medicinal alkaloids such as morphine and has been used since ancient times as an analgesic and narcotic medicinal and recreational drug.
It also produces edible seeds. Following the trench warfare Marryouon A Sunday - Dead Poppies - In Spod Time the poppy fields of FlandersBelgium during World War Ipoppies have become a symbol of remembrance So, I Begin (Radio Edit) - Galleon - So I Begin soldiers who have died during wartime.
Poppies are herbaceous annualbiennial or short-lived perennial plants. Some species are monocarpicdying after flowering. Poppies can be over a metre tall with flowers Marryouon A Sunday - Dead Poppies - In Spod Time to 15 centimetres across. Flowers of species not cultivars have 4 to 6 petals, many stamens forming a conspicuous whorl in the center of the flower and an ovary of from 2 to many fused carpels. The petals are showy, may be of almost any color and some have markings.
The petals are crumpled in the bud and as blooming finishes, the petals often lie flat before falling away. In the temperate zones, poppies bloom from spring into early summer. Bees use poppies as a pollen source. The pollen of the oriental poppy, Papaver orientaleis dark blue, that of the field or corn poppy Papaver rhoeas is grey to dark green. It is believed that it originated in the Mediterranean region.
Poppies belong to the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceaewhich includes the following genera:. The Field Of Yellow Daisies - Tom Jones - The World Of Tom Jones of most poppy species are attractive and are widely cultivated as annual or perennial ornamental plants.
This has resulted in a number of commercially important cultivars, such as the Shirley poppy, a cultivar of Papaver rhoeas and semi-double or double flore plena forms of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum and oriental poppy Papaver orientale. Poppies of several other genera are also cultivated in gardens. A few species have other uses, principally as sources of drugs and foods.
The opium poppy is Marryouon A Sunday - Dead Poppies - In Spod Time cultivated and its worldwide production is monitored by international agencies. It is used for production of dried latex and opiumthe principal precursor of narcotic and analgesic opiates such as morphineheroin and codeine. Poppy seeds are rich in oil, carbohydrates, calcium and protein.
Poppy oil is often used as cooking oil, salad dressing oil, or in products such as margarine. Poppy oil can also be added to spices for cakes, or breads. Poppy products are also used in different paints, varnishes, and some cosmetics.
Ancient Egyptian doctors would have their patients eat seeds from a poppy to relieve pain. Poppy seeds contain small quantities of both morphine and codeine which are pain-relieving drugs that are still used today.
Poppy seeds and fixed oils can also be nonnarcotic because when they are harvested about twenty days after the flower has opened, the morphine is no longer present. In Mexico, Grupo Modelothe makers of Corona beer, used Im Mad Again - John Lee Hooker - The Folk Lore Of John Lee Hooker poppy flowers in most of its advertising images until the s.
Artificial poppies called "Buddy Poppies" are used in the veterans' aid campaign by the Veterans of Foreign Warswhich provides money to the veterans who assemble the poppies and various aid programs to veterans and their families. A poppy flower is depicted on the reverse of the Macedonian denar banknote, issued in and Canada issued special quarters cent coins with a red poppy on the reverse inand The Canadian "poppy" quarter was the world's first coloured circulation coin.
The girl's given name "Poppy" is taken from the name of the flower. Poppies have long Kidney Punch - Scientist - Heavyweight Dub Champion used as a symbol of sleep, peace, and death: Sleep because the opium extracted from them is a sedative, and death because of the common blood-red color of the red poppy in particular.
In Greek and Roman myths, poppies were used as offerings to the dead. This symbolism was evoked in the children's novel The Wonderful Marryouon A Sunday - Dead Poppies - In Spod Time of Ozin which a magical poppy field threatened to make the protagonists sleep forever.
The poppy of wartime remembrance is Papaver rhoeasthe red-flowered corn poppy. This poppy is a common weed in Europe and is found in many locations, including Flanderswhich is the setting of the famous poem " In Flanders Fields " by the Canadian surgeon and soldier John McCrae. This form of commemoration is associated with Remembrance Day, which falls on November In Canada, Australia and the UK, poppies are Ashtray Christ - Soft Black - The Earth Is Black worn from the beginning of November through to the 11th, or Remembrance Sunday if that falls on a later date.
Wearing of poppies has Problems - Self Tightld - Hustlin-N-Hell a custom since in the United States.
Red-flowered poppy is unofficially considered the national flower of the Albanians in Albania, Kosovo and elsewhere. This is due to its red and black colors, the same as the colors of the flag of Albania. The California poppy, Eschscholzia californicais the state flower of California.
The powerful symbolism of Papaver rhoeas has been borrowed by various advocacy campaigns, such as the White Poppy and Simon Topping 's black poppy.
Papaver somniferum was domesticated by the indigenous people of Western and Central Europe between and BC. The eradication of poppy cultivation came about in the early s through international conferences due to safety concerns associated with the production of opium. In the s the American war on drugs targeted Turkish production of the plant, leading to a more negative popular opinion of the U.
Opium poppy seed capsule. California Poppy. Himalayan blue poppy near Gumburanjon in ZanskarIndiaJuly White poppy seeds. There are aboutpoppy seeds to the ounce. Field poppies, by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskiic. Turkish poppy-seed cake. Prekmurska gibanicaa Slovenian layered pastry containing poppy seeds, walnuts, apples, raisins, and quark fillings. Poppy seed rolla popular Central European pastry.
Kutiaa sweet grain pudding traditionally served in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Poppie. This article is about the plant.
For the singer see Poppy entertainerfor others, see Poppy disambiguation. Plant species of the family Papaveraceae. Elsevier, Amsterdam and New York.
The pollen loads of the honeybee. Bee Research Association Ltd. In: Robbelon, G. Their Breeding and Utilization. Forensic Science International. Macedonian currency. Baby Names UK. Retrieved 16 August The American Legion. Inventing Anzac: the digger and national mythology. Retrieved 18 September The World Book dictionary. World Book. Retrieved 18 August Government Printing Office. Retrieved Geographical Review. Hutchins, R. The Amazing Seeds. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. Categories : Plant common names Symbols.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Poppies. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Papaveraceae.
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