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Hans Bellmer 13 March — 24 February was a German artist, best known for the life-sized pubescent female dolls he produced in the mids. Historians of art and photography also consider him a Surrealist photographer. Up untilhe worked as a draftsman for his own advertising company. Bellmer is most famous for the creation of a series of dolls as well as photographs of them.
He was influenced in his choice of art form in part by reading the published letters of Oskar Kokoschka Der Fetisch Bellmer's doll project is also said to have been catalysed by a series of events in his personal life. Hans Bellmer takes credit for provoking a physical crisis in his father and Control - Inhibition - Les Jeux De La Poupee (Game Of The Doll) Homage To Hans Bellmer his own artistic creativity into association with childhood insubordination and resentment toward a severe and humorless paternal authority.
Perhaps this is one reason for the nearly universal, unquestioning acceptance in the literature of Bellmer's promotion of his art as a struggle against his father, the police, and ultimately, fascism and the state. Events of his personal life also including meeting a beautiful teenage cousin in and perhaps other unattainable beautiesattending a performance of Jacques Offenbach's Tales of Hoffmann in which a man falls tragically in love with an automatonand receiving a box of his old toys.
In his works, Bellmer explicitly sexualized the doll as a young girl. The dolls incorporated the principle of "ball joint", which was inspired by a pair of sixteenth-century articulated wooden dolls in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum  Jonathan Hirschfeld has claimed without further argumentation that Bellmer initiated his doll project to oppose the fascism of the Nazi Party by declaring that he would make no work that would support the new German state.
Represented by mutated forms and unconventional poses, his dolls according to this view Control - Inhibition - Les Jeux De La Poupee (Game Of The Doll) Homage To Hans Bellmer directed specifically at the cult of the perfect body then prominent in Germany. Bellmer produced the first doll in Berlin in Long since lost, the assemblage can nevertheless be correctly described thanks to approximately two dozen photographs Bellmer took at the time of its construction.
Standing about fifty-six inches tall, the doll consisted of a modeled torso made of flax fiber, glue, and plaster; a mask-like The Everly Brothers* - (Til) I Kissed You / Oh, What A Feeling of the same material with glass eyes and a long, unkempt wig; and a pair of legs made from broomsticks or dowel rods. One of these legs terminated in a wooden, club-like foot; the other was encased in a more naturalistic plaster shell, jointed at the knee and ankle.
As the project progressed, Bellmer made a second set of hollow plaster legs, with wooden ball joints for the doll's hips and knees. There were no arms to the first sculpture, but Bellmer did fashion or find a single wooden hand, which appears among the assortment of doll parts the artist documented in an untitled photograph ofas well as in several photographs of later work.
Bellmer's anonymous book, The Doll Die Puppeproduced and published privately in Germany, contains 10 black-and-white photographs of Bellmer's first doll arranged in a series of " tableaux vivants " living pictures.
The book was not credited to him, as he worked in isolation, and his photographs remained almost unknown in Germany. He aided the French Resistance during the war by making fake passports.
After the war, Bellmer lived the rest of his life in Paris. Of his own work, Bellmer said, "What is at stake here is a totally new unity of form, meaning and feeling: language-images that cannot simply be thought up or written up … They constitute new, multifaceted objects, resembling polyplanes made of mirrors … As if the illogical was relaxation, as if laughter was permitted while thinking, as if error was a way and chance, a proof of eternity.
Bellmer died 24 February of bladder cancer. The film Love Object contains clear references to Bellmer's work, including the protagonist's obsessive relationship with a sex doll and the use of Bellmer's name as a leading character, Lisa Bellmer.
Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocencea anime film, features elements of Bellmer's erotic and uncanny dolls. A creature from the video game Silent Hill 2 named Mannequin bears a strong resemblance to Bellmer's dolls.
However, Masahiro Itothe monster designer of the game, commented on this saying that they had no influence on his design of the Mannequin; instead his inspiration came from traditional Japanese folklore. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hans Bellmer. KattowitzGerman Empire. ParisFrance. Gardena: Solar Books, Archived from the original on Retrieved Chicago: Solar Books.
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